The scientific literature believes that there are three elements to catastrophizing:
People who are “high catastrophizers” experience more intense pain, more severe depression and anxiety, and show higher levels of pain behaviors and disability. Â They also consume more analgesic medication and have more prolonged stays in the hospital when hospitalized.
If you would like to determine your OWN level of catastrophizing, you are welcome to complete the Pain Catastrophizing Scale – English Version, which Dr. Michael Sullivan has provided to the public at no cost. Â We are grateful to Dr. Sullivan for his scholarlyÂ research on painÂ at McGill University.